Concepts : Panther 6
The star of the 1977 Motorfair at Earls Court in London was the sensational six-wheeled Panther supercar. For a while it looked like it was going into production, too, but its creator Robert Jankel was scuppered by delays in development.
We tell the story of Britain’s might-have-been supercar.
Visitors to the 1977 London Motorfair were astonished when they cast their eyes on the Panther for the very first time. Most were stunned into silence; those who weren’t stuttered in single syllables. The car’s sheer scale – 16ft long and nearly 7ft wide – made it impossible to miss. Here was the ultimate supercar, courtesy of Robert Jankel, Founder and Managing Director of Panther Westwinds.
Jankel clearly had form when it came to outlandish vehicles. He started early; the model he created in 1971, the Panther, was so well received that it proved the catalyst for him to leave the fashion industry. He sold his interest in textiles and used the windfall to set up Panther Westwinds at a facility next door to Brooklands in Surrey. Jankel was in the car business full-time.
From 1972, the marque started building the SS100-inspired J72. Over the next few years Panther Westwinds earned a reputation for building fantastically expensive, outlandish and beautifully finished specials, such as the Felber Ferrari, DeVille and Lazer. During the brief boom of the mid-1970s the firm found success but, as the decade wore on, sales dipped and Jankel had time to begin to dream up his next creation.
Finally, after seeing the Tyrrell P34 Formula 1 racer at the 1976 British Grand Prix, he had his inspiration. As soon as he returned from Brands Hatch he started on the Panther 6 – in a separate workshop, away from the rest of the company’s staff.
Vauxhall’s Wayne Cherry and Geoff Lawson styled the new model under the guidance of Jankel himself. The droop-snoot wedge design was a Cherry speciality, and the 6 took that fashionable concept to the absolute extreme. Thanks to the four front wheels, it was already off to a flying start in terms of wooing extrovert customers. The Tyrrell P34’s victory in the 1976 Spanish Grand Prix only served to make the six-wheel concept look like a winner. In truth, on a road car, the technical advantages of this layout were far from clear-cut.
Four wheels bad, six wheels good
When Tyrrell pulled the plug on the P34 in early 1977, any marketing advantages for the Panther 6 should have been wiped out. Yet that didn’t matter to Jankel – his dream still looked shockingly good, and it still had the ability to deliver plenty of wow! A liberal dose of standard production parts went into its suspension. The front end featured Vauxhall wishbones (also found in the Lima), while the Cadillac Eldorado’s double-wishbone set-up (with the steering arms locked solid) kept the back end off the ground.
Jankel had planned to use Mini-type 10in wheels up front, but no tyre of that size could come close to handling the 6’s hoped-for 200mph maximum speed without failing. So he settled for two pairs of 13in rims at the front, and persuaded Pirelli to make P7s especially to fit.
To get the car up to that ambitious 200mph target, Jankel selected the largest engine in production at the time – the 8.2-litre Cadillac Eldorado V8. Because the Caddy was front-wheel drive, its engine/gearbox package could be reversed and installed in the back of the Panther 6 for a mid/rear configuration. In truth, the massive powerplant sat slightly behind the axle line, and its high mounting made for a less-than-desirable centre of gravity. In standard form, it put out 365bhp.
This was nowhere near powerful enough to give the Panther 6 Lamborghini Countach-busting performance, but coaxing more muscle out of it wasn’t difficult. American hot rod guru Ak Miller developed a neat-looking forced-induction arrangement, using two turbochargers, each fed by the exhaust from one bank of cylinders, supplying air into a single Holley carburettor. It was a simple and elegant arrangement.
Jankel claimed a maximum of 600bhp, which – in theory – blew away the sub-400bhp outputs of the Countach and Boxer. In fact, the one car Panther built didn’t come close to that, but the figure made for great publicity at its launch. The 6’s power-to-weight ratio wasn’t helped by its massive chassis. This hefty and structurally rigid unit had been built up from welded square-section steel tubing. Panther’s claimed kerb weight of 1302kg was rather heavier than the opposition.
Jankel wanted the 6 to be easy to drive, and its American-derived mechanicals helped achieve that goal. As well as having the Eldorado’s automatic transmission, the 6 sported feather-light power-assisted steering, plus an air-conditioning system lifted straight from a Mack truck. This car might be a convertible, yet its occupants would remain cool in the hottest of climates – after all, it was designed with the Middle East in mind.
The right-hand-drive cockpit would have impressed the richest and most discerning customer. It was a luxury environment dominated by electrically-adjustable leather Cadillac seats, but it also had a digital instrument panel similar to the Aston Martin Lagonda’s. There were telephones in the armrests, a dashboard-mounted TV, combination locks for the gloveboxes, electric windows and – the pièce de résistance – a hydraulically-operated engine cover.
The Panther 6 appeared in this form at the London Motorfair in October 1977. Robert Jankel was bullish about his amazing creation: ‘I am very serious indeed about it,’ he said at the time. ‘We don’t build motor show gimmicks, and this car will be in production by the early part of next year.’ At £39,950 (when a Ferrari BB cost £26,000), finding buyers was going to be tough yet, by the end of the show, Jankel claimed to have taken 15 orders. These included Alain de Cadenet, who intended to run the 6 in the unlimited class in the 1978 Le Mans 24 Hours.
The ultimate car for the ultimate man
For those who wanted the ultimate, the Panther fitted the bill: it had been built to stop traffic and go like hell. The claimed 200mph top speed and sub-eight-second 0-100mph time seemed largely irrelevant, and Jankel himself alluded to this at the Motorfair, commenting: ‘Of course, our customers won’t be able to drive it at 200mph. But they will want to say they have a car that’s faster than a Ferrari, a Lamborghini or a Porsche.’
However, the Panther 6 was far from ready for production. Jankel drove it back to his factory from Earls Court, but didn’t enjoy the experience. He later recalled: ‘The suspension hadn’t been sorted and it kept threatening to stop.’ But despite that, he’d made his dream come true. ‘What I remember was the reaction. Driving around Earls Court, it was just unbelievable. I can remember sitting in the cockpit, feeling so chuffed.’
Things went quiet after that. Promised production was delayed and, as the second energy crisis of 1979 took hold, Panther’s finances ran dry and the Receivers were called in. South Korean investor Young C Kim took over, but the 6 wasn’t part of the deal. Jankel then left Panther to become a Design Consultant. He died in 2005, having never seen the car again.
As for the 6, only one complete example was built by Panther – the show model – yet a second, left-hand-drive version was subsequently finished with parts sold by the Receivers. From here, things get a little misty. The white car featured in Octane magazine in 2010 and star of the Salon Prive Concours d’Elegance was the second of two; as for the first… we’re still unsure where that one is.
If you know more, please get in touch.