Around the World : Overseas operations

Overseas Operations

Australian production
Australian production

Below is a list of the operations managed by British Leyland International during the early 1970s. I have included the autonomous distribution companies, CKD operations and associated manufacturers. If you know of any not included or can provide further information on any of the below, please contact us with any information you might have.

At the absolute zenith of BMC>Rover’s career, in 1968, it maintained 60 factories in the UK and 66 overseas, while foreign production amounted to 340,000 vehicles per year. Indigenous manufacture and partial manufacture took place in Australia, Belgium, Chile, Denmark, Ireland, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, South and Central Africa, Spain and Turkey.

European Operations:

AustriaBritish Leyland Austria KG
Messrs. Arge Auto
Dist.
BelgiumNV Leyland Industries, NV BL Belgium (SA)
Messrs SAMAF, Brussels
Sogida S.A.
Prod.
Dist.
Dist.
DenmarkLeyland DAB A/S
DOMI A/S
Sogida S.A.
Malines (Assembly plant)
Dist.
FinlandOy Suomen Autoteollisuus AB
Oy Veho Ab
Dist.
FranceBL France SA, Leyland Industrial SADist.
GermanyA Bruggemann & Co GmbH, Deutsche Leyland GmbHDist.
IrelandBritish Leyland (Ireland)CKD
ItalyLeyland Innocenti Autoveilcoli SpaProd.
MaltaCar Assembly LtdCKD
NetherlandsBL Nederland CV, BL Import NV, Leyland Motor Corporation NVDist.
NorwayBritish Leyland Norge A/SDist.
PortugalBL de Portugal Automoveis Lda, Triumph SA
J.J.Goncalves, Oporto
CKD
SpainAutomoviles de Turismo Hispano Ingleses SA (Authi)
SACAI
Prod.
Dist.
SwedenBritish Leyland (Sweden) ABDist.
SwitzerlandBL Switzerland AGDist.
YugoslaviaIMV – Industrija Motornih Vozil, Industry of Motor VehiclesCKD

Overseas Operations

AlgeriaMessrs S.A.D.I.V.A. (Société Algérienne d´Importation de Véhicules Automobiles)Dist.
AustraliaLeyland Motor Corporation of Australia LtdProd.
CambodiaSociété Khmere de Représentation et de NavigationDist.
CanadaBritish Leyland Motors Canada LtdDist.
ChileBritish Leyland del Chile SAProd.
ColombiaColomotores, BogotáCKD
Costa RicaLand Rover LtdCKD
EcuadorAustin Morris EcuadorCKD
East AfricaLeyland Albion (East Africa) LtdCKD
GhanaLeyland Motors (Ghana) LtdDist.
Hong KongMetro Cars LtdDist.
IndiaAshok Leyland, Ennore Foundries, Standard Motor Products of India LtdProd.
IranSS Leyland Motors Iran, SS Leyland Diesel IranCKD
JamaicaJohn Crook LtdDist.
MalawiLeyland Motor Corporation (Malawi) LtdDist.
MoroccoAustin Morris MoroccoCKD
New ZealandNZ Leyland Corporation LtdProd.
PeruBritish Leyland del Peru SADist.
RhodesiaAustin Motor Co. (Pvt.) LtdCKD
South AfricaLeyland Motor Corporation SA Ltd
Transvaal, Messrs. R. Lucas and F. Payne Motors Ltd
Prod.
Dist.
SudanSudan Warehousing Co. LtdDist.
TanzaniaLeyland Albion (Tanzania) LtdCKD
TrinidadAustin Morris Ltd, Land Rover LtdCKD
TurkeyBMC Sanayi ve Ticaret ASProd.
UgandaLeyland Albion (Uganda) LtdCKD
UraguayAustin Morris, Uraguay SA; Frank Surgery SACKD
USABritish Leyland Motors IncDist.
ZaireIndustrie Nationale Zairoise des Automobiles LeylandCKD
ZambiaAveling-Barford, Leyland-Motors, Rover (Zambia) LtdCKD

Key to terms:
Prod: Production facility, where entire cars were built from scratch.
CKD: Cars assembled from kits exported from the UK.
Dist: Distribution network, managed locally.

Keith Adams

Editor and creator AROnline at AROnline
Created www.austin-rover.co.uk in 2001 and built it up to become the world's foremost reference source for all things BMC, Leyland and Rover Group, before renaming it AROnline in 2007.

Is the Editor of the Parkers website and price guide, formerly editor of Classic Car Weekly, and launch editor/creator of Modern Classics magazine. Has contributed to various motoring titles including Octane, Practical Classics, Evo, Honest John, CAR magazine, Autocar, Pistonheads, Diesel Car, Practical Performance Car, Performance French Car, Car Mechanics, Jaguar World Monthly, MG Enthusiast, Modern MINI, Practical Classics, Fifth Gear Website, Radio 4, and the the Motoring Independent...

Likes 'conditionally challenged' motors and taking them on unfeasible adventures all across Europe.
Keith Adams

9 Comments

  1. New Zealand was never a full production location, unlike Australia. CKD assembly only in all Austin Distributors Federation (Petone), Dominion Motors, NZMC (Auckland and Nelson), etc plants. Immediate post-WWII some Austins were done SKD at Petone, then CKD. A good reference book for NZ is ‘Assembly’ by Mark Webster but good luck finding a copy; took me two years to get mine….

    Best regards, GR@just-auto

  2. BSD

    Dear keith,

    Although the above list os of the 70’s,i think that Israel should have appeared in the list.

    The triumph 1300 & 1500 were assebled in israel (CKD) from 1965 or 1966,and leyland trucks and buses were also assebled ,until BL decided to withdraw fromthe israeli market in 1973.

    The leyland buses dominated the roads of israel (both buses assembled in Leyland-Ashdod from the early 60’s and buses assembled at Ha’argaz & Merkavim factories from the early 50’s-in both cases on leyland Royal Tiger mark 1&mark 2 chasis).

  3. Hi, my father was an employee of Lyland Albion Uganda limited company between 1970 to 1979 in Kampala Uganda.Unfortunately when the 1979 war began in Uganda ,he was forced to leave Uganda.
    My late father has been trying to follow up his benefits in vain until he past on in 2006 in kenya.Being the second son of my father among the ten children,I would kindly like to get some help that may lead to get his benefits to help my ailing mother and the the rest of our family.

    My fathers names .CHARLES OGUNGA AGUDA

  4. Hi Keith,
    As a former Morris Apprentice 1960-65 I joined the Overseas Production Dept at Cowley and trained as a Field Engineer then Managed by John Capel and Ken Watson. Other engineers were David Scroggs, Dick Bartlam(emigrated to New Zealand) Dick Bailey who moved on as Managing Director of Seneffe in Belgium for a time, Graham Millard, Jim Turnham and myself. The leader of the Design and drafting team (who designed and drew up the jigs and fixtures for bodyshell assembly abroad) was John Roff who I believe stayed in Yarton, Oxford. The names of others escape me now. As a Field Engineer at the time we were charged with writing and keeping up-to-date all the assembly instructions used by plants overseas and to assist we had a team of about 10 female technical illustrators kept mostly separate from the rest of us!
    Next door was a good sized workshop equipped with all the tools and welding gear for us to do trial builds of each bodyshell to ensure all the problems had been found before releasing the jigs. The last one I worked on there was the MG Coupe shell the jigs for which I believe have probably moved on to the Heritage Body makers.
    I would be interested to know of anyone else who remembers these times particularly contemporary apprentices.
    I stayed at Morris (by now BMC) until 1968 when I transferred to The Truck and Tractor Plant at Bathgate Scotland as part of the Management of CKD staying pretty much up until its closure.I later joined the Leyland Lancs factory at Preston until things all changed when DAF took over.
    Regarding your list of overseas assemblers, another would be Berliet-Maroc (Casablanca) who bought loads of FG Axles and Engines for their own trucks. There were also truck assemblers in Uruguay and I think Venezuela also. Another huge user of FG Trucks was Hong Kong. In their case the cabs were supplied fully built and crated whilst engines, axles and chassis were either packaged in sets of 2 or 4 but mainly in 4’s. That concept applied to most CKD territories also taking account of components which had to be made locally and therefore left out of UK packs.
    Except for the case of BMC Sanayi Turkey who took both truck and tractor parts (mainly the 145) at component level tractors were mostly built at Bathgate and shipped boxed in partially stripped down condition all over the world. For Australia they were eventually containerised mounted on specially designed pallets which angled the tractors so that more could be packed into each 40 foot container.
    It was a bad day for West Lothian when ‘The BMC’ as it was called here(I stayed) finally shut its doors. The whole site is now a massive residential complex-really sad. I often wonder whose living in my office!
    Keith Philpott

  5. Surprised by the absence of Brazil and Mexico considering their later growth, was setting up overseas operations in Brazil or Mexico ever considered by Nuffield, BMC or BL?

    • Whilst there was an almost universal presence in Western Europe, BMC was known for targetting overseas sales in the former British Empire.

  6. I guess the Americans had Mexico tied up, as did Fiat in Brazil, & VW in both.

    BMC did have an operation Argentina, & made fibre glass Minis in Chile to meet local content quotas.

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