Buying Guide : BMC 1800/2200

The final flowering of the Issigonis range, the 1800 was a large-scale Mini that failed to set the world alight. Yet these capable cars are readily affordable today. 

This article was first published in Classic Car Weekly.

How to buy a brilliant Landcrab

BMC 1800


Years produced: 1964-1975
Body style: Four-door saloon
Engine options: 1798cc B-Series inline-four
2227cc E6-Series straight-six
Transmission options: Four-speed manual, four-speed automatic, front-wheel drive


The Austin 1800 certainly stunned the world when launched in 1964. People really weren’t sure quite what to make of it. It was a rolling contradiction – a big luxury car but kitted out with a typical Issigonis starkness that alienated buyers. On top of this, it looked very strange and the sheer width led to the famous nickname – the Landcrab.

The original brief for ADO17 was not for a luxury car, though. With the Mini and 1100 cornering the small side of the market, it was natural for a larger version to come in to replace the ageing Farina saloons. However, during the development, the decision to use the MGB 1798cc engine caused the design to grow larger – necessitating a change of market focus.

Ironically, the car is actually a whole ten inches shorter than a Farina yet with typical Issigonis packaging brilliance, the Landcrab has masses more internal space. The width gave the impression that the car was bigger than it really was which was why the Landcrab ended up competing in a different market. The failure to replace the Farina range would leave this now-ancient design lumbering on until 1971.

BMC 1800

The 1800 saw the first use of the five-bearing engine that would find its way under the bonnet of the MGB in due course. In basic form, it had 85bhp on tap which, while not exactly threatening to set the tarmac alight, is enough to ensure swift enough progress.

For those who wish to go faster, 96bhp S versions were available with twin-carbs. 1966 saw the launch of the Wolseley 18/85 for those who fancied the luxury so absent in the more austere versions. 1972 would see the arrival of a six-cylinder engine for all three marques.

Buying one

Is it a classic?

The answer is yes, now what’s the question. Well, it might not be beautiful to look at. Nor was it a huge success – in fact, it sold nowhere near as well as predicted – or hoped. It didn’t scoop any significant competition wins or appeal to anyone much at all. It was a bit hopeless really.

Yet it is undoubtedly a classic. It may have demonstrated that Issigonis was perhaps not in touch with the perceived market for the 1800 but, nonetheless, it is a very ingenious design. The structure is incredibly solid with no separate subframe unlike the smaller designs. There is comfortable hydrolastic suspension and Mini-esque handling to belie those clumsy looks. It is remarkably pleasant to drive and, with what is effectively an MGB engine under the bonnet, mechanical spares and upgrades are not going to be hard to find.

It may not have been a huge success while in production but to ignore the Landcrab is to ignore a very capable car.

What’s out there?

Have a glance through classifieds and you’ll see that there aren’t a great many of these left. Indifference and corrosion have decimated the ranks. Not that the Landcrab is particularly rust-prone but, without enthusiastic owners to look after them, they will succumb just as readily as any other Sixties car.

It now actually seems to be the case that Wolseley versions have a better survival rate – probably because all that wood and leather has attracted older owners and classic car enthusiasts who have cherished them. Still, you may need to hunt around to find one.

The six-cylinder cars were in production for a mere three years so there are not many about – especially the Austin and Morris versions. Again though, these slightly more premium vehicles have survived better than most.

What to look for

With ready parts supply, a basket case shouldn’t be written off – as long as you have the funds to pay for all of the relevant bits. It is far cheaper to find a good car in the first place although that doesn’t give the same satisfaction if ‘saving’ classics is your thing.

Tony Wood, Spares Secretary for Landcrab Owners International, reports that there are no cars known to be off the road due to parts not being available. That’s an important consideration if you are planning to use your Landcrab regularly.

Engine and Transmission

Being a scaled up Mini, you’ll find the gearbox in the sump. The oil needs to be changed every 6000 miles to avoid problems with both engine and transmission so history is important. On the plus side, the engine is effectively the same as that in the MGB so you won’t have trouble tracking down parts.

Clutch parts are unique to the model but still easily found. The clutch is really an engine out job on the 1800 though so make sure there is plenty of bite on the test drive.

The automatic has the gearbox under the engine (driven by chain) but retains its own fluid so does not share the engine oil. The Borg Warner 35 gearbox can be expensive to put right if problems occur so, if buying one, be very careful to check that every gear works when out on a test drive.

The 2200 engine was only shared with the later Princess so parts are a little harder to find. While the engine is quite heavily based on the E-Series engine fitted to both Allegro and Maxi 1500s, there is not a huge amount of parts-swapping possible between the two. However, the clutch can be changed with the engine in situ.

Six-cylinder cars can suffer from over-heating problems – usually because the electric fan is not cutting in as it should. Some owners wire up a manual switch for the fan for peace of mind. On both engines, a blocked radiator can also cause overheating issues.


The Landcrab has a monocoque construction but, unlike the Mini, there is no front subframe which means you can’t simply unbolt and replace any rust issues. Luckily, the Landcrab was very solidly built and is therefore much less likely to rot in the first place but check the front valance carefully as it contains a structural cross-member.

Main areas to focus on are the sills. Make sure that the inner sills are solid and that someone hasn’t just welded some new outer sills over the rot. Repair sections are available so there really is no excuse for bodging these up, especially given how essential they are to keep the structure rigid. If you find a car with rotten sills that you otherwise like, be aware that there is likely to be around six to ten hours labour per side to replace them. It may be wiser to find a solid one in the first place.

Genuine replacement sills include a section which tucks in behind the front wing. Pattern replacements do not have this but neither cause problems, as long as the work has been done well.

The doors suffer from blocked drainage holes which causes the bottom to rot out. Replacement doors can be found readily as they were fitted to so many cars, the Maxi being the most common source. However, be aware that there were as many as seven different door configurations in production so exact matches may be hard to find.

If the headlamp bowls are rotten, it could suggest that further rot is lurking in the wing itself. There are differences between the Mk1 and Mk2 cars as well as a different nose again for the Wolseley but panels are still readily available, albeit prices are on the rise.

Check for water ingress in the front footwells. This could be due to a leaky windscreen seal or it could hint at some nasty corrosion on the A post, usually hidden underneath the front wings.

Suspension, steering and brakes

Hydrolastic suspension gives a firm yet comfortable ride and, while sharing many principles with the Citroën hydropneumatic system, rarely gives trouble and is easy to look after.

Parts are readily available and there are still many garages with a pump should your car be riding a little low. If you have more than one hydrolastic/hydragas classic, it is well worth investing in a pump of your own – grease guns can be modified to good effect.

Brake parts are easily found but the brake servo can be an eye-watering £300 for a genuine Girling item, so make sure you check that this is functioning properly. Reconditioned units and overhaul kits start at around £80. Clicking on full lock is down to worn CV joints.

BMC 1800


Austin, Morris and late Wolseley 18/85s had lovely vinyl seats, earlier Wolseleys used real leather. These can wear but replacements can still be found. On the Wolseley Six, the seats may well need recovering as the thin foam under the cloth disintegrates. You’ll need to check the state of the leather and wood on Wolseleys as repairs will not be cheap.


The electric system is simple and rarely gives any trouble. Most MkI/II models will still have a dynamo and in most cases are positive earth. From 1972, all models had an alternator fitted, including all 2200s.

The Wolseley has unique side/indicator lamps at the front which are getting hard to get hold of now.

The parts situation

As already mentioned, obtaining parts is not an issue although some items are getting a little more costly to buy.

Typical Prices – new old stock
Brake discs – £40
Brake pads – £12
Clutch Kit – £45
Radiator – £100
Starter motor – £60
CV Joints – £20
Front wing – £150
Displacer unit – £40


Landcrab Owners’ Club International

Landcrab Owners’ Club International will also help source spares.

What should I pay?

As much as you can afford is our recommendation as that still won’t necessarily be a large amount of money. Prices for the best examples generally hover around under the £2000 mark – which seems astonishing value, especially for the smooth six-cylinder cars.

Basket case cars can be had for a few hundred pounds or may even be given away. However, it is important to consider the costs of a restoration project, especially when a good condition car is so cheap.

Should I buy one?

If you want a practical, everyday classic car that is fun to drive, the Landcrab makes a very sensible choice. You’ll get huge comfort for everyone on board (oodles of rear legroom), a strong engine and a very unique character all of its own. With excellent parts back-up, a helpful owners’ club and an increasing love for all things BMC/BL in the classic car world, now is a good time to buy your very own Landcrab.

BMC 1800

Keith Adams


  1. I know AROnline isn’t normally used for advertising but somehow I thought this deserved a mention.
    There’s a body shop on the Wirral which I occasionally drive past. Each and every time there’s a Landcrab parked outside; not the same one. Today was no exception. There was also a tidy Maxi and restored AD016. Somehow I just thought it worthy of mention, such specialists being rather rare.
    The name of this place? A Williams, Birkenhead Road, Wallasey.
    Hope this may help someone!

  2. I had my first experience of seeing 80 mph come up on the speedo travelling in one of these. A G reg in maroon – Damask Red ?.

    That was in my junior school’s headmaster’s car, 4 of us lads in the back seat and 2 in the front on the way to an inter-school footy match.

    Health and safety ? Pah !

    • Indeed, I remember standing in the gap between the front seats watching the speedo climb above the 100 mark – in an 1800 S. The speed the car felt most happy on the motorways was about 85mph – imagine trying to maintain that speed over hours in a Farina… The 1800 was quite a step ahead!

      • The S models had MGB tune engines so I’m not surprised it could cope with high speed cruising like that.

        • The S had in fact not the MGB tune, similar, but different. While the B had twin SU4 carbs, the S came with twin HS6. The S had a specific cylinder head that no other B-series engine received. It also had an exhaust manifold very similar to todays large bore LCB items available for Minis – made the engine sound very nice, but tended to crack and was sold out as a spare rather early. Basically the MGB tune was an earlier in-house effort, while the S lookes very much like Downton product.

  3. I was only 9 when the Austin Morris 1800’s were launched and remember back then that they looked modern compared to the rest of BMC’s range. My company’s Finance Director had a 1971 Wolesley version that was fairly pacey, complete with the bus driver steering wheel!

  4. Best as a Wolseley Six, you get the sort of luxury that is lacking on Austin Morris cars and an extremely smooth engine for the time. I’d imagine the Six was on the shopping list of a few affluent car buyers as it was far more spacious than a Rover 2000 and quieter at speed.

  5. “It didn’t scoop any significant competition wins or appeal to anyone much at all.” Erm, I think you’ll find it was European Car of the Year 1965…

    • You shouldn’t get overexcited about that….the bloody Horizon won that ‘award’ as well! (Mind you, if memory serves it beat the SD1. Maybe the judges did know what they were doing?)

  6. @ Kev
    The Chrysler Alpine won the award in 1976. Actually if you overlook the rattly engines and poor rustproofing, it was a good looking fwd hatchback with masses of space and was comfortable on long journeys.

  7. @ Glenn – one of my work colleagues had a 1977 Chrysler Alpine as his company car in metallic yellow/gold. As you say, it was a decent looking car with plenty of room. As it was new to him, rust wasn’t a problem.

    I think the original looked better than the Solara style front facelift.

  8. I’m seriously looking at one of these. A 4 cylinder preferably 18/85 (hate to imagine the insurance on a 2.2 I6). Don’t mind manual or auto, but I’ve never driven one, so if anyone’s around the north Essex area who’s able to give a short test drive. Keith has my contact email. Not too bothered about pas – once it’s moving no problem.

    • An interesting choice for a BMC classic, Jemma, over the more obvious Minis, Minors and MGs. From all accounts, if you overlook the heavy steering and controversial styling, a practical classic as the 1800 S will hold its own on the motorway, the interior and boot are large, and second generation cars were fairly reliable. Since not many survive now, it’s a unique choice.

      • Well, I picked it up yesterday. 279 miles back through the worst weather I’ve ever seen, a Sat nav diversion through Birmingham – wing mirrors that didn’t (need replacing) and guess the switchgear but once you get it to 70mph it’s like a magic carpet. It seems to have two sweet spots 50-55 and 70-75. Best I can tell it did 34mpg too.
        Eco driving will be easy too – get it up to speed and slip into neutral and nothing short of a castle wall will stop it.
        The paintwork is pretty dire (but I’ve an idea for that) and don’t talk to me about turning circles! You’d need one carriageway of the m6!

  9. The revelation however is the interior. It’s the same size as the Kia Rio/Hyundai Accent to within mms but the leg room is a factor of feet not inches, the dash has two cubbies, a lockable glovebox, instruments, heater controls and everything else and it’s probably barely 4 inches deep front to back. The Pit of Calcutta where the Kia instruments hide is probably that deep alone.
    I can however see the issue with reaching controls. Trying to clear the screen is about as distracting as trying to use a smartphone while bombing down the outside lane standing on your head. In the moderns it’s just pull a lever and it does it all for you. I’m almost tempted to set up some sort of Citroënesque steering column remote for lights/wipers/washer – just for the safety factor.

  10. Fond memories of a late 60’s 18/85 bought for peanuts against the trend as the ’70s fuel crisis started to bite. It was my then-OH’s transport to her work nearby. It doubled our fuel bill – from one gallon a week to two gallons – and was a very good investment at the time!
    We ran it virtually trouble-free for some years and sold it at a decent profit when fuel prices dropped!
    I do remember her often bring it home and saying it’s ‘doing it again’. But after ascertaining whether it was one-and-three or two-and-four that were missing a few minutes adjusting the cable change would sort the problem.

  11. Good car, but Issigonis obsession with keeping the Landcrab as minimal as possible inside cost sales, considering the car was priced closer to the executive than family car sector. Rightly the car was praised for its huge interior, excellent ride, good luggage space and powerful engines for the time( the 1800 S could reach 100 mph, when this uncommon for a car under 2 litres), but you bought a Landcrab and you had only the most basic equipment and even the Wolseley version had vinyl seats. It was only when the Wolseley Six was launched that this was rectified, by creating a proper luxury model, but the standard Austin and Morris models remained spartan and expensive.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.